Well I'd be interested in seeing the actual entries, just out of curiosity to see how you manage to misconstrue things. In any case AFAIK neither 'republic' nor 'democracy' are legal terms, simply ordinary English words. Try the OED. And what relevance has this to anything, the UK has only ever been a republic under Cromwell's totalitarian rule, is that your idea of freedom? And we are nominally a (representative) democracy, since we get to vote in elections, although it's pretty pointless since all the main parties have ganged up against the people. So as ever ... what is your solution Graham? If you don't have any answers then what is this all about?